Thursday, March 12, 2020

AZ-304: Microsoft Azure Architect Design Objective Domain


Objective Domain means set of skills, knowledge and abilities that are measured by the certification program.

Below is the objective domain for AZ-304:
  1. Design Monitoring (10-15%)
  2. Design Identity and Security (25-30%)
  3. Design Data Storage (15-20%)
  4. Design Business Continuity (10-15%)
  5. Design Infrastructure (25-30%)

Here are the exam skills measured and candidate profile from the Microsoft certification site

Audience Profile

Candidates for this exam are Azure Solution Architects who advise stakeholders and translate business requirements into secure, scalable, and reliable solutions.
Candidates should have advanced experience and knowledge of IT operations, including networking, virtualization, identity, security, business continuity, disaster recovery, data platform, budgeting, and governance. This role requires managing how decisions in each area affects an overall solution.
Candidates must have expert-level skills in Azure administration and have experience with Azure development processes and DevOps processes.

Skills Measured

1.      Design Monitoring (10-15%)

1.1.   Design for cost optimization
·         recommend a solution for cost management and cost reporting
·         recommend solutions to minimize costs
1.2.   Design a solution for logging and monitoring
·         determine levels and storage locations for logs
·         plan for integration with monitoring tools including Azure Monitor and Azure Sentinel
·         recommend appropriate monitoring tool(s) for a solution
·         choose a mechanism for event routing and escalation
·         recommend a logging solution for compliance requirements
·         NOT: resource-specific monitoring. This objective should ONLY cover the all-up holistic monitoring strategy

2.      Design Identity and Security (25-30%)

2.1.   Design authentication
·         recommend a solution for single-sign on
·         recommend a solution for authentication
·         recommend a solution for Conditional Access, including multi-factor authentication
·         recommend a solution for network access authentication
·         recommend a solution for a hybrid identity including Azure AD Connect and Azure AD Connect Health
·         recommend a solution for user selfservice
·         recommend and implement a solution for B2B integration
·         NOT: federation with ADFS
2.2.   Design authorization
·         choose an authorization approach
·         recommend a hierarchical structure that includes management groups, subscriptions and resource groups
·         recommend an access management solution including RBAC policies, access reviews, role assignments, physical access, Privileged Identity Management (PIM), Azure AD Identity Protection, Just In Time (JIT) access
2.3.   Design governance
·         recommend a strategy for tagging
·         recommend a solution for using Azure Policy
·         recommend a solution for using Azure Blueprint
2.4.   Design security for applications
·         recommend a solution that includes KeyVault
o    what can be stored in KeyVault
o    KeyVault operations
o    KeyVault regions
·         recommend a solution that includes Azure AD Managed Identities
·         recommend a solution for integrating applications into Azure AD

3.      Design Data Storage (15-20%)

3.1.   Design a solution for databases
·         select an appropriate data platform based on requirements
·         recommend database service tier sizing
·         recommend a solution for database scalability
·         recommend a solution for encrypting data at rest, data in transmission, and data in use
·         NOT: data caching
·         NOT: MariaDB, PostGreSQL, MySQL
3.2.   Design data integration
·         recommend a data flow to meet business requirements
·         recommend a solution for data integration, including Azure Data Factory, Azure Data Bricks, Azure Data Lake, Azure Synapse Analytics
3.3.   Select an appropriate storage account
·         choose between storage tiers
·         recommend a storage access solution
·         recommend storage management tools

4.      Design Business Continuity (10-15%)

4.1.   Design a solution for backup and recovery
·         recommend a recovery solution for Azure hybrid and on-premises workloads that meets recovery objectives (RTO, RLO, RPO)
·         design and Azure Site Recovery solution
o    recommend a site recovery replication policy
o    recommend a solution for site recovery capacity
o    recommend a solution for site failover and failback (planned/unplanned)
o    recommend a solution for the site recovery network
·         recommend a solution for recovery in different regions
·         recommend a solution for Azure Backup management
·         design a solution for data archiving and retention
o    recommend storage types and methodology for data archiving
o    identify business compliance requirements for data archiving
o    identify requirements for data archiving
o    identify SLA(s) for data archiving
o    recommend a data retention policy
4.2.   Design for high availability
·         recommend a solution for application and workload redundancy, including compute, database, and storage
·         recommend a solution for autoscaling
·         identify resources that require high availability
·         identify storage types for high availability
·         recommend a solution for georedundancy of workload

5.      Design Infrastructure (25-30%)

5.1.   Design a compute solution
·         recommend a solution for compute provisioning
·         determine appropriate compute technologies, including virtual machines, App Services, Service Fabric, Azure Functions, Windows Virtual Desktop, and containers
·         recommend a solution for containers
o    AKS versus ACI and the configuration of each one
·         recommend a solution for automating compute management
·         NOT: monitoring, backups, recovery, availability, security, storage; VMWare
5.2.   Design a network solution
·         recommend a solution for network addressing and name resolution
·         recommend a solution for network provisioning
·         recommend a solution for network security
o    private endpoints
o    firewalls
o    gateways
o    etc.
·         recommend a solution for network connectivity to the Internet, on-premises networks, and other Azure virtual networks
·         recommend a solution for automating network management
·         recommend a solution for load balancing and traffic routing
5.3.   Design an application architecture
·         recommend a microservices architecture including Event Grid, Event Hubs, Service Bus, Storage Queues, Logic Apps, Azure Functions, and webhooks
·         recommend an orchestration solution for deployment of applications including ARM templates, Logic Apps, or Azure Functions
o    select an automation method
o    choose which resources or lifecycle steps will be automated
o    design integration with other sources such as an ITSM solution
o    recommend a solution for monitoring automation
·         recommend a solution for API integration
o    design an API gateway strategy
o    determine policies for internal and external consumption of APIs
o    recommend a hosting structure for API management
o    recommend when and how to use API Keys
5.4.   Design migrations
·         assess and interpret on-premises servers, data, and applications for migration
·         recommend a solution for migrating applications and VMs
·         recommend a solution for migration of databases
o    determine migration scope, including redundant, related, trivial, and outdated data


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